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Today’s post tells you all the relevant aspects of this fascinating world.
Table of contents
What is audiovisual editing?
The technical dimension of audiovisual editing
- The frame
- Type of incoming shot
- Duration of the shot
- Internal editing in the shot
The narrative dimension of editing
What is an audiovisual montage?
Audiovisual montage is related to space and time. It is that organizational mechanism that technical, discursive, and structural operation brings these two parameters together. The idea of montage is simple: starting from smaller units, we manage to create and assemble a larger unit.
The smallest unit on which audiovisual montage works is the shot. Thus, it organizes different images to give meaning to the result. When a film is shot, it is not done in order. If space is shot three times, it is shot all in a row. It is why we say that it is at the moment of editing that the film acquires a form.
The technical dimension of audiovisual editing:
If we go into the technical details of montage, we find that it is a new language. We can compare its techniques with the same punctuation marks of verbal language and compare it ideally.
It deals with the transition between shots: how to join the minimum units. There are a series of resources to do this. Previously it was done by cutting the negative physically (with scissors). Then the negative was assembled. Nowadays, it is done by digital editing.
It is the adjustment of movements and details that affect the continuity between different shots, the coordinated union of these. We must determine whether to maintain the racor (that logic) or to break it. There must be a clear union between shot and shot to reinforce the idea that there is no montage. We cannot break the axis of action or the axis of movement.
Type of incoming shot
We must establish what relationship a shot has with the one that follows. Today there are several shots, the master shot, the approach shot, the detail shot and the counter shot.
Duration of the shot
It is a technical question of editing. It consists of determining how long, in minutes or seconds, each shot lasts.
Internal editing in the shot
There is a montage in which there is no cut; there is a compilation of images. There are several types of editing: in-shot displacements (zoom, traveling, etc.), optical superimposition, overprinting, digital layered editing.
The narrative dimension of montage:
There are six types of audiovisual montages, differentiated by their structure and narrative order, allowing the story to be ordered.
Linear: allows the action to be shown chronologically, in a linear fashion. The montage only fragments it.
Alternate: it shows actions that take place in different spaces but at the same time.
Reiterative: the same action is shown repetitively. It breaks continuity, it is non-continuous.
Elliptical: it is the subtraction of temporal form; actions are not shown in all their material dimension.
Flashback: it is a jump back in time.
Flash-forward: it is a jump forward in time.
We wish you good luck in editing and creating some exciting movies!
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